Car Dealerships Nissan Altima 2.5S in Strum WI

Car Dealerships Nissan Altima 2.5S in Strum WI

February 15, 2018
Posted by: solfa_admin

Drive far enough down the road or through town and you are bound to see a buy here pay here car dealership. It seems there are more of them popping up all the time. There is obviously a reason for the popularity of the BHPH car lot and I am sure we will see them around for a long time. They are selling cars everyday to people that need to buy How to Find Unadvertised Discounts on New Cars Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 cars that have credit problems.

Whether you realize it or not there are some pitfalls to doing business with a Buy Here Pay Here (BHPH) car dealer. Continue reading for some of the things you need to know before you buy and finance a vehicle with one of these types of automobile dealers.

Must Knows about Buy Here Pay Here Car Dealers

The buy here pay here car dealer only sells and finances used Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 cars. In most cases the dealer is financing the car with in house financing (their own money) and there is risk involved when they are financing people with bad credit. Therefore they only finance used cars because there is less money at risk should something happen that causes them to lose their investment which is not uncommon in the BHPH business.

When you buy and finance a vehicle at a buy here How to Approach Used Car Dealers Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 pay here car dealership you will be paying a high interest rate on your loan. Sorry, but there really isn’t away around that fact because of the risk involved for the dealer. There is a good chance that a certain amount of their sales will go bad and the car has to be repossessed. It is a numbers game and the rate reflects the amount of risk.

Paying a loan from the Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 buy here pay here car dealer rarely rebuilds your credit and not usually reported to the credit bureaus. They typically use in house financing they hold the paper or service the loan themselves which does not require them to report to the credit agencies. The down side is not reporting if you made your payments on time, but the upside it that you can get and finance a car.

Part of your Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 agreement and contract with the buy here pay here car dealer is that you must make your payments on a weekly or bi-weekly basis at the dealer where you bought the car. This can be a hassle for some people, but it is easier to make a small payment weekly than a large payment monthly.

With most traditional auto loans there is a grace period for making a late payment before they Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 start making arrangements for repossession. However with the Buy Here Pay Here Car Dealership there is rarely any grace period or if there is it is a very small time frame. If you don’t work with the dealer they will repossess your vehicle in no time at all.

Summing Up the BHPH Car Dealer

When you make a deal with a Buy Here Pay Here car dealer you should be aware of the Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 conditions and be prepared to abide by them. The BHPH auto loan is not like a standard auto loan so you need to know what to expect. Buying a vehicle from the local BHPH car dealer might not be convenient, but at least they will get you back in the driver’s seat.

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    Car Dealerships Nissan Altima 2.5S in Strum WI

    February 15, 2018
    Posted by: solfa_admin

    Most business valuations are driven substantially by the company’s historical financial statements, tempered by other factors such as: location, brand name, management and such. In truth and in fact, the dealership’s balance sheet represents less than half the information necessary to properly value an automobile dealership. The balance sheet is but a starting point from which a number of factors must be Car Dealers’ Sales Tricks Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 added and subtracted in order to determine the true value of the assets.

    Valuing new car dealerships has to do with projecting future profits and opportunities based upon the “dynamics” of the particular dealership being valued and of the automobile business itself.

    The Internal Revenue Service recognizes that valuations include more than financial statements: “The appraiser must exercise his judgment as to the degree Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 of risk attaching to the business of the corporation which issued the stock, but that judgment must be related to all of the other factors affecting the value.” Revenue Ruling 59-60, Section 3.03.

    DEFINITION OF MARKET VALUE

    The definition of market value according to the American Institute of Real Estate Appraisers’ Dictionary of Real Estate Appraisal, is: “The most probable price in cash, terms Used Car Dealerships Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 equivalent to cash, or other precisely revealed terms, for which the appraised property will sell in a competitive market under all conditions requisite to fair sale, with the buyer and seller each acting prudently, knowledgeably, and for self interest, and assuming that neither is under duress.” American Institute of Real Estate Appraisers, The Dictionary of Real Estate Appraisal. (Chicago: American Institute of Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 Real Estate Appraisers, 1984), 194 195.

    In Revenue Ruling 59-60, the Internal Revenue Service defines “fair market value” as follows: “…the price at which the business would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller when the former is not under any compulsion to buy and the latter is not under any compulsion to sell, both parties having reasonable knowledge and Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 relevant facts.”

    The purpose of Revenue Ruling 59-60 is to outline and review in general the approach, methods and factors to be considered in valuing shares of the capital stock of closely held corporations.

    The methods discussed in the Revenue Ruling apply to the valuation of corporate stocks on which market quotations are either unavailable or are of such scarcity that they do not Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 reflect the fair market value.

    The Ruling goes on to state that no set formula can be devised to determine fair market value of closely held stocks and that the value will depend upon such considerations as:

    (a) The nature of the business and the history of the enterprise from its inception.

    (b) The economic outlook in general and the condition and outlook of Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 the specific industry in particular.

    (c) The book value of the stock and the financial condition of the business.

    (d) The earnings capacity of the company.

    (e) The dividend-paying capacity. The ability to pay dividends is often more important than a company’s history of distributing cash to shareholders, especially when valuing controlling interests.

    (f) Whether or not the enterprise has goodwill or Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 other intangible value.

    (g) Sales of the stock and the size of the block of stock to be valued.

    (h) The market price of stocks of corporations engaged in the same or a similar line of business having their stocks actively traded in a free and open market, either on an exchange or over-the-counter. With respect to an individual dealership sale, the Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 best comparable is the amount the public company paid or received for buying or selling a similar dealership, not what the public company’s stock value or earnings multiple, per se, that is reflected on the stock exchange.

    In practice, in arriving at the fair market value of a new car dealership, several different formulas have been used:

    1. Return on Investment (or earnings valuation) Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 Formula: The value of a business to a particular purchaser based upon a return on investment analysis. This value varies from purchaser to purchaser, according to the purchaser’s investment criterion, and it may or may not reflect fair market value. The National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA) refers to this value as “Investment Value.” A Dealer Guide to Valuing an Automobile Dealership, NADA Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 June 1995, Revised July 2000.

    The capitalization rate is determined by the stability of the dealership’s earnings and the risk involved in the automobile business at the time of sale, investment, or valuation. This method is highly subjective as the capitalization rate is based upon the particular appraiser’s perception of the risk of the business; consequently, the lower the appraiser perceives the risk, Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 the lower will be the capitalization rate and the higher will be the price he would expect a potential purchaser to pay for the business.

    In short, the capitalization rate is the appraiser’s opinion as to a rate of return on investment that would motivate a prospective purchaser to buy the dealership. Considerations include those specified in Revenue Ruling 59-60, as well as Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 available rate of return on alternative investments.

    2. Adjusted Net Worth Formula: Net worth of the company, adjusted to reflect the appraised value of the assets used in the day to day operations of a business, assuming that the user or purchaser will continue to make use of the assets. To this “net worth” value will be added blue sky or goodwill, if Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 any. The “Adjusted Net Worth Formula” is the most common method used in purchasing and selling a new car dealership.

    3. Orderly Liquidation Formula. This method values the assets as if all of them had to be sold – not at a “fire sale,” but in an orderly manner and without time constraints. Normally, if the dealership is profitable, some value will still Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 be placed upon goodwill.

    4. Forced Liquidation. The lowest of all values, forced liquidation means that all of the assets must be sold at a forced sale such as an auction, creditors’ sale or by order of a bankruptcy court. A bankruptcy proceeding regarding a new car dealership almost never brings goodwill. This might be the most appropriate formula if the dealership has Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 no lease (or only a short term remaining on its lease) and cannot, as a practical matter, relocate.

    5. Income Formula. The income formula is basically taking the store’s earnings and multiplying it by an appropriated capitalization rate. The trick here is the definition of “earnings.” In determining “earnings” a perspective purchase could use any combination of the following:

    (a) current earnings

    (b) average Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 earnings – add the last five years together and divide by 5

    (c) weighted average earnings – usually an inverted weight with the current year multiplied by five, last year by four, the year before last by three, four years ago by two, five years ago by one, then adding them together and dividing by 15

    (d) cash flow – net income Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 plus agreed add-backs such as depreciation, LIFO, personal expenses, excess bonuses and such

    (e) forecasted earnings – future projected earnings discounted to present day value.

    6. Fair Value. NADA also refers to a third value in addition to “Market Value” “Investment Value,” which it calls “Fair Value.” NADA describes “Fair Value” as being “…primarily used when a minority shareholder objects to a proposed Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 sale of the company in assessing liquidating damages.” and defines it as: “The value of the minority interest immediately before the transaction to which the dissenter objects, excluding any appreciation or depreciation in anticipation of the transaction and without reference to either a minority or non-marketability discount.”

    The NADA guide states: It is not common for auto dealers to run across this particular Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 valuation standard. This author has never used, nor has ever seen this value used with respect to valuing automobile dealerships.

    As can be seen in this report, this author in discussing valuations excludes what NADA describes as “Fair Value”.

    7. The Greater Fool Theory. The National Automobile Dealers Association publication (A Dealer Guide to Valuing an Automobile Dealership, NADA June 1995), bemuses, in part: Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 “A Rule of Thumb is more properly referred to as a ‘greater fool theory.’ It is not ‘valuation theory, however.” (In its “Valuing an Automobile Dealership: Update 2004” NADA dropped the reference to “fool” and simply states that the theory is “. . . rarely based upon sound economic or valuation theory,” but advises sellers to “Go for it, and maybe someone Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 will be stupid enough to pay [it].”

    The considerations for valuing new car dealerships are more complex than those used for valuing most other businesses. Dynamics such as the unique requirements of automobile manufactures and distributors can limit the amount of monies that may be paid for a dealership, regardless of what perspective purchasers may offer to pay for the store.

    Therefore, the value Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770 of a new car dealership varies based upon the needs and ability of the purchaser and, consequently, the same dealership could have two different values to two different purchaser and both values would be correct.

    Thus, our valuation of the subject dealership should be considered in the context and limitations of the facts and history of new car dealership sales as delineated herein.

    Nissan Altima 2.5S Strum WI 54770

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