Car Dealerships Ford Escape SE in Boyd WI

Car Dealerships Ford Escape SE in Boyd WI

February 15, 2018
Posted by: solfa_admin

Most business valuations are driven substantially by the company’s historical financial statements, tempered by other factors such as: location, brand name, management and such. In truth and in fact, the dealership’s balance sheet represents less than half the information necessary to properly value an automobile dealership. The balance sheet is but a starting point from which a number of factors must be Your Best Choice in Car Dealerships Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 added and subtracted in order to determine the true value of the assets.

Valuing new car dealerships has to do with projecting future profits and opportunities based upon the “dynamics” of the particular dealership being valued and of the automobile business itself.

The Internal Revenue Service recognizes that valuations include more than financial statements: “The appraiser must exercise his judgment as to the degree Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 of risk attaching to the business of the corporation which issued the stock, but that judgment must be related to all of the other factors affecting the value.” Revenue Ruling 59-60, Section 3.03.

DEFINITION OF MARKET VALUE

The definition of market value according to the American Institute of Real Estate Appraisers’ Dictionary of Real Estate Appraisal, is: “The most probable price in cash, terms Five Reasons to Buy a Vehicle At a Car Dealership Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 equivalent to cash, or other precisely revealed terms, for which the appraised property will sell in a competitive market under all conditions requisite to fair sale, with the buyer and seller each acting prudently, knowledgeably, and for self interest, and assuming that neither is under duress.” American Institute of Real Estate Appraisers, The Dictionary of Real Estate Appraisal. (Chicago: American Institute of Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 Real Estate Appraisers, 1984), 194 195.

In Revenue Ruling 59-60, the Internal Revenue Service defines “fair market value” as follows: “…the price at which the business would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller when the former is not under any compulsion to buy and the latter is not under any compulsion to sell, both parties having reasonable knowledge and Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 relevant facts.”

The purpose of Revenue Ruling 59-60 is to outline and review in general the approach, methods and factors to be considered in valuing shares of the capital stock of closely held corporations.

The methods discussed in the Revenue Ruling apply to the valuation of corporate stocks on which market quotations are either unavailable or are of such scarcity that they do not Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 reflect the fair market value.

The Ruling goes on to state that no set formula can be devised to determine fair market value of closely held stocks and that the value will depend upon such considerations as:

(a) The nature of the business and the history of the enterprise from its inception.

(b) The economic outlook in general and the condition and outlook of Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 the specific industry in particular.

(c) The book value of the stock and the financial condition of the business.

(d) The earnings capacity of the company.

(e) The dividend-paying capacity. The ability to pay dividends is often more important than a company’s history of distributing cash to shareholders, especially when valuing controlling interests.

(f) Whether or not the enterprise has goodwill or Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 other intangible value.

(g) Sales of the stock and the size of the block of stock to be valued.

(h) The market price of stocks of corporations engaged in the same or a similar line of business having their stocks actively traded in a free and open market, either on an exchange or over-the-counter. With respect to an individual dealership sale, the Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 best comparable is the amount the public company paid or received for buying or selling a similar dealership, not what the public company’s stock value or earnings multiple, per se, that is reflected on the stock exchange.

In practice, in arriving at the fair market value of a new car dealership, several different formulas have been used:

1. Return on Investment (or earnings valuation) Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 Formula: The value of a business to a particular purchaser based upon a return on investment analysis. This value varies from purchaser to purchaser, according to the purchaser’s investment criterion, and it may or may not reflect fair market value. The National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA) refers to this value as “Investment Value.” A Dealer Guide to Valuing an Automobile Dealership, NADA Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 June 1995, Revised July 2000.

The capitalization rate is determined by the stability of the dealership’s earnings and the risk involved in the automobile business at the time of sale, investment, or valuation. This method is highly subjective as the capitalization rate is based upon the particular appraiser’s perception of the risk of the business; consequently, the lower the appraiser perceives the risk, Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 the lower will be the capitalization rate and the higher will be the price he would expect a potential purchaser to pay for the business.

In short, the capitalization rate is the appraiser’s opinion as to a rate of return on investment that would motivate a prospective purchaser to buy the dealership. Considerations include those specified in Revenue Ruling 59-60, as well as Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 available rate of return on alternative investments.

2. Adjusted Net Worth Formula: Net worth of the company, adjusted to reflect the appraised value of the assets used in the day to day operations of a business, assuming that the user or purchaser will continue to make use of the assets. To this “net worth” value will be added blue sky or goodwill, if Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 any. The “Adjusted Net Worth Formula” is the most common method used in purchasing and selling a new car dealership.

3. Orderly Liquidation Formula. This method values the assets as if all of them had to be sold – not at a “fire sale,” but in an orderly manner and without time constraints. Normally, if the dealership is profitable, some value will still Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 be placed upon goodwill.

4. Forced Liquidation. The lowest of all values, forced liquidation means that all of the assets must be sold at a forced sale such as an auction, creditors’ sale or by order of a bankruptcy court. A bankruptcy proceeding regarding a new car dealership almost never brings goodwill. This might be the most appropriate formula if the dealership has Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 no lease (or only a short term remaining on its lease) and cannot, as a practical matter, relocate.

5. Income Formula. The income formula is basically taking the store’s earnings and multiplying it by an appropriated capitalization rate. The trick here is the definition of “earnings.” In determining “earnings” a perspective purchase could use any combination of the following:

(a) current earnings

(b) average Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 earnings – add the last five years together and divide by 5

(c) weighted average earnings – usually an inverted weight with the current year multiplied by five, last year by four, the year before last by three, four years ago by two, five years ago by one, then adding them together and dividing by 15

(d) cash flow – net income Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 plus agreed add-backs such as depreciation, LIFO, personal expenses, excess bonuses and such

(e) forecasted earnings – future projected earnings discounted to present day value.

6. Fair Value. NADA also refers to a third value in addition to “Market Value” “Investment Value,” which it calls “Fair Value.” NADA describes “Fair Value” as being “…primarily used when a minority shareholder objects to a proposed Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 sale of the company in assessing liquidating damages.” and defines it as: “The value of the minority interest immediately before the transaction to which the dissenter objects, excluding any appreciation or depreciation in anticipation of the transaction and without reference to either a minority or non-marketability discount.”

The NADA guide states: It is not common for auto dealers to run across this particular Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 valuation standard. This author has never used, nor has ever seen this value used with respect to valuing automobile dealerships.

As can be seen in this report, this author in discussing valuations excludes what NADA describes as “Fair Value”.

7. The Greater Fool Theory. The National Automobile Dealers Association publication (A Dealer Guide to Valuing an Automobile Dealership, NADA June 1995), bemuses, in part: Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 “A Rule of Thumb is more properly referred to as a ‘greater fool theory.’ It is not ‘valuation theory, however.” (In its “Valuing an Automobile Dealership: Update 2004” NADA dropped the reference to “fool” and simply states that the theory is “. . . rarely based upon sound economic or valuation theory,” but advises sellers to “Go for it, and maybe someone Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 will be stupid enough to pay [it].”

The considerations for valuing new car dealerships are more complex than those used for valuing most other businesses. Dynamics such as the unique requirements of automobile manufactures and distributors can limit the amount of monies that may be paid for a dealership, regardless of what perspective purchasers may offer to pay for the store.

Therefore, the value Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 of a new car dealership varies based upon the needs and ability of the purchaser and, consequently, the same dealership could have two different values to two different purchaser and both values would be correct.

Thus, our valuation of the subject dealership should be considered in the context and limitations of the facts and history of new car dealership sales as delineated herein.

Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726

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    Car Dealerships Ford Escape SE in Boyd WI

    February 15, 2018
    Posted by: solfa_admin

    Many people are not familiar with Buy Here Pay Here Car Dealerships until they have a need for them. The point of this article is to shed some light on the way that the BHPH car lot and auto dealer operates and how they differ from the standard automobile dealer. I will give you a look inside the BHPH business model Benefits of Buying From Used Car Dealerships Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 and how they sell, finance, acquire and secure automobiles.

    To give you some background the primary focus of the Buy-Here Pay-Here car dealer is to sell and finance vehicles for people that have bad credit and are unable to buy and finance automobiles through traditional dealers and lenders. They do this by selling used vehicles and financing them in-house or through the Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 selling dealer. They don’t use banks, finance companies or third party lenders. Their customers buy the car and make the weekly payments at the same place, hence Buy Here Pay Here.

    Setting-Up the Buy Here Pay Here Car Dealership

    Some BHPH car dealerships are small corner lots that set up business in and old gas station or an auto repair facility as long Car Dealerships: The Difference Between Pre-Owned and a Clunker Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 as they have an office, a couple of bays where they can work on or prepare cars for sale on the lot and an area where they can display their vehicles that are for sale. On the other end of the spectrum you will find that some new car dealers set-up a Buy Here Pay Here division in addition to their Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 regular car sales business to accommodate customers that will not qualify for an auto loan through their normal lenders. So you can see that BHPH car dealers can come in all shapes and sizes.

    Inventory for the BHPH Car Dealership

    The small to mid-size BHPH car dealer is always on the lookout for vehicles to sell on their lot. They go to auctions Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 to buy cars, buy cars from private party sellers and they also buy cars from new car dealers that were trade-ins. They are very particular about the cars they buy because they have to pay cash and they need dozens of cars to stock their lot and attract customers with a good selection.

    The new car dealers that have a Buy Here Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 Pay Here Department usually sell their quality trade-ins in their BHPH Division. It makes good sense to sell their trades with in-house financing because they have a steady source of used vehicles at their disposal and they can avoid buying cars from the auction which is a very time intensive activity to find quality cars.

    No matter where they get their vehicles Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 they are very careful to make sure they only offer sound and dependable automobiles because they will be financing their customer’s purchases. If they were to sell junkers and beaters to their customer they stand a chance of the buyers not making their payments. Then if the customers don’t pay they will have to repossess the cars and then they are Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 stuck with vehicles that are unsellable because they are junk. So you can see why they are very particular about the cars that they sell and finance at their Buy-Here Pay-Here car dealership.

    The Process at the Buy Here Pay Here Car Dealer

    The first step of the car buying process at the buy here pay here auto dealer is to see if Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 the buyer can qualify for in house financing. Some dealers pull the consumers credit report and some don’t, one of the main concerns is the income and the stability of that income of the buyer along with where they live. The BHPH car lot owner is looking for a person that has an income that can service the auto loan weekly Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 or biweekly and how long they have been on their job. These aspects are often more important than prior repossessions or bankruptcies.

    Once they qualify for in house financing they discuss terms of the auto loan including the down payment, number of payments, the interest rate and when and where the car payments are to be made along with the form of Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 payment which could be cash or checking account debit. The price is important, but the customer is usually more concerned with the payment.

    Vehicle Selection at Buy Here Pay Here Lots

    Then it is time for the customer to select a vehicle from the dealer’s lot. They are given a list of the vehicles that they are qualified to buy and finance and Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 they choose their vehicle of choice. Yes, that is different from your traditional car dealer, but things are done differently at the buy here pay here auto dealer. Some people say that the car is overpriced, but you need to remember that the BHPH dealer is about to finance a customer with very bad credit and a small down payment.

    The Buy Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 Here Pay Here dealer is playing the odds and hoping the buyer will make the payments as agreed, but a certain percent of all the sales will have to be repossessed after the buyer has run the car into the ground. The car buyer with bad credit knows that they will be paying a high price for the car and an Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 interest rate that is high to compensate the dealer for the high risk and the expenses they will have to absorb when they repossess vehicles.

    Buy Here Pay Here Car Dealer Paperwork and Conditions

    Preparing and signing the paperwork is done in the dealer’s office which is a contract between the buyer and the dealer. The documents are all legal and conform to Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 regulations that are set by the state when the car is being purchased and financed. The terms and conditions are set by the dealer and the buyer must conform to all those conditions or they are violating a legal agreement. The last thing you want to do is be late with your payment because the car can be repossessed the following Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 day. Grace periods for late payments are rare and the BHPH car dealer is within their rights to seize the vehicle one day after the payment is late. You might say there is a zero tolerance policy when it comes to enforcing the terms and conditions of the contract between dealer and buyer.

    BHPH Auto Dealer Bad Deals, Repos and Mistakes

    Even the Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 best run dealers are certain to make bad deals, mistakes and have to repossess vehicles. They are careful to do everything they can to avoid problems, but it still happens. If they have to repossess a car they have to hire a recovery firm which can cost several hundred dollars and then they need to do something with the car. Very Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 often the car has been in an accident or been run hard and put away wet which makes the car worthless and ready for the scrap yard. It is very rare that a repossessed car comes back in good shape. The Buy Here Pay Here Car Dealers takes it on the chin and loses money, but hopefully learns a lesson when Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 it comes to qualifying buyers.

    Buying a car from a BHPH car dealerships is different than doing business with the traditional dealer in several ways, but it is a second chance or maybe the last chance for the car buyer with bad credit. Some of the policies and terms may seem unfair, but even the small dealer can have Ford Escape SE Boyd WI 54726 hundreds of thousands of dollars tied up in inventory and finance agreements. They are putting themselves on the line to help the car buyer that needs a car, but has a history of spotty credit. It’s just business.

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